Distance between the Syrian Cities
Flag and Anthem
Historical Spots of Damascus
Located on the left bank of the Euphrates between
Aleppo (188 km) and Deir Ezzor (105 km). It is an ancient city built
by Alexander the Great in the 4th century B.C. In 662 the Caliph
Mansur built, on the ruins of Raqqa, a new city imitating the style
of Baghdad which he called 'Rafiqa'.
This is a new city that rose up out of the sand. It
was inaugurated by President Hafez al-Assad in 1973. Al-Thawra, 'the
Revolution', is the capital of the area of the Euphrate dam.