Distance between the Syrian Cities
Flag and Anthem
Historical Spots of Damascus
320 km south-east of Aleppo, Deir Ezzor is the most
important urban centre in the east of Syria. Its river is the
Euphrates, lifeline of the region and fount of civilization
throughout the ages. With the formation of Lake al-Assad, it is now
possible to regulate its once capricious flow and to make plans for
85 km south of Deir Ezzor, on the western bank of the Euphrates, is
the archaeological site of the birthplace of Seleucus, near the Arab
village of Salihiyeh. This was the historic town built by Seleucus
Nicator, Alexander's lieutenant, the fortified town of Doura Europos.
This town was closely linked with Palmyra, serving as an important
forward-line of Defence against the Persians.
North-east of Deir Ezzor, there is a vast enclosing
wall with 3 fortified gateways which enfolds within its towers a
town that dates from Byzantine days. Both Halabiya and Zalabiya were
forward-defense lines against Persian invasions. At Mayadin is the
Rahbi Citadel, which was built by Assad al-Din Shirgoh, the uncle of
Salah al-Din al-Ayoubi.